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During war period, the king was free to take military help from their vassals. Answer: Before thirteenth century, the climatic conditions had led to the large scale reclamation of the land of forests and pastures for agriculture. They wanted to get rid of the nobles who were always engaged in constant wars. They lived in religious communities called abbeys or monasteries. They had enough revenues to support larger armies. Tithe was a kind of tax collected by the church from the peasants in France. King’s vassals were the Dukes and Earls. It destroyed peace and security and created chaos and confusion in the society. It took many years in its completion. What was the position of Pope in the medieval Europe? In online there are more sites providing just free access to resources to students. Patronage became the means of ensuring cooperation. As a whole their life was full of misery. Uncertain existence; Death of any partner can sometime cause death of entire firm. Stained glass windows narrated the stories in the Bible through pictures. Disadvantages of Decentralization. (i) Feudal class July 5, 2017 July 10, 2017 by Louise Gaille. Discuss the merits and demerits of feudal system. A goldsmith would receive their allowances. They were not allowed to leave the estate without the prior permission of their lords. The men who led the life of self-denial and self-control were called monks. Loyal absolutism has been called a modified form of feudalism. With the expansion of trade in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, ships carrying goods from distant countries had started arriving in European ports. Answer: Historians have, therefore, called these kings “the new monarchs”. Example Suppose the order of request is- (82,170,43,142,24,16,190) And current position of Read/Write head is : 50 Why? Most of the ancient Roman towns bore a deserted look. It increased the life expectancy rate. They were not allowed to speak freely. Towns were free from the control of lords. They were not allowed to marry and had to take a vow to obey the chief of monastery. The lord enjoyed special status. They were built in France. Class 11 History Chapter 3 Very Short Answer Type Questions. With the increase of agriculture the largest portion of population depended on agriculture. They had not only to work on the fields of their lords and gave them a part of their produce but also to perform such petty jobs as building or repairing their houses, roads, etc. Social changes that had taken way to the development of monarchy-feudal system were: Question 15. Answer: Like all business models, eCommerce has its advantages and disadvantages. Wide coverage: World has become a global village and communication around the globe requires a second only. They did a lot for the development of agriculture. 1:- Cyberbullying – According to a report published by PewCenter.org most of the children have become victims of the cyberbulling over the past. The social and the political conditions of the people were totally different from the people who belonged to the former three orders. It prevented foot decay. Pollen grains are immobile. It is the one true universal currency we all carry with us every day. Answer: They were to the side of their ruler and not with the lords. The economic prosperity of the class helped in the development of cities in medieval Europe. They taught the people to give support to their kings. There was the need of good cavalry. They had complete control over the land. The emergence of feudalism was accompanied by the decline of trade and towns with the gradual decline of feudalism, particularly from the 11th century onward. (iv) An interviewer can know whether the respondent understands the questions, and can repeat or paraphrase questions. Each trade and craft industry was organised into a guild. Describe the merits and demerits of feudal system. But in 11th century, climatic conditions of Europe changed. Fertility of the soil also increased and hence, the production naturally increased. European kings strengthened their military as well as financial power during 15th and 16th centuries. They had to take a vow not to acquire any kind of worldly possession. One of the biggest advantages of solar energy is the ability to avoid the politics and price volatility that is increasingly characterizing fossil fuel markets. The monks led a pious life in the beginning but with passage of time, they led a scandalous life. Two sections of the Third Order were: Question 4. 2. Question 12. It forced the governments to reduce the silver content of the currency , and to mix it with cheaper metals. Describe the career of Genghis Khan. They also defended and expanded their frontiers and ruthlessly destroyed the internal bickerings. Every lord had his own court and laws. Answer: Class 11 History Chapter 3 Long Answer Type Questions. They were linked to the lords. The new technological changes cost a lot of money. 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Classes February 3, 2020 February 28, 2020 by Louise Gaille Online learning has become more accessible in the past decade as potential students discover that they can find ways to obtain a preferred degree while handling their daily obligations. For ensuring survival, the nobility managed a tactical shift. In basic LAN (Local Area Network)… Medieval monasteries were the only centers of learning during the medieval period. Answer: Question 4. From the eighth to twelfth century CE, feudalism prospered in Europe. How was western European society divided? Discuss the categories of cultivators under feudalism during the medieval age in Europe. Nobles provided protection to their people. They were designed in such a way so that the priest’s voice could be heard within the hall v/here a large number of people gathered. Income generated from this labour is known as Labour Rent. French Serfs: They cultivated land that mainly belonged to the lord. Answer: The monks lived in monastery and led the simple life. Thereafter, a new section of people-the Knights grew. 10 advantages of computer. Peasants cultivated his private lands. Men became monks and women became nuns. The power of the lords was increasing day by day and the kings were becoming more and more weak. It also inspired the people to serve the sick and the needy. Land of the fief was cultivated by peasants. Following guidelines are given to complete this task: Question 6. Western Europe was isolated in earlier centuries, but was hit by the epidemic between 1347 and 1350. While that may be the case, the results produce a powerful clean energy source. The peasants: They formed the largest group in the society. Or. Serf: Serf occupied a distinct place in medieval Europe. It drew a clear line separating social classes and created codependency between the rich and the poor. Strong infantry equipped with gun and artillery helped the monarch to establish their monarchy. The basis of economic organisation was the guild. The LAN is an interconnection of small devices covering shorter distances or area.It is used in home offices or schools to share common resources such asprinters, internet, memory etc. Describe a few characteristics of feudal system. (ii) Bingen It adversely affected trade. The most innovative change was the switch from a two-field to a three field system. They were free peasants and serfs. Answer: They did not enjoy the right of education. The specialty of the design of cathedrals was that the voice of priest could be clearly heard within the hall where a number of people gathered. This encouraged rebellious tendency among the nobles. Here are some of the rules they had to follow: So, agricultural produce was not upto the mark. In this way, the knights became a distinct group in the medieval European society. He interfered into the internal affairs of the Christian kings and their subjects. The clergy was considered to be the most important in medieval European social order. Western European society was divided into three estates. It can […] 1 Answer +1 vote . The entire Europe was covered with huge and dense forests between fifth to tenth centuries. Discuss the political changes which occurred during 15th and 16th centuries in Europe. The lord gave the knight a piece of land, i.e. Tidal energy’s source is a result of the effects of the sun and moon’s gravitational fields, combined with our planet’s rotation around its axis, which result in low and high tides. Whenever required in battle they were also expected to act as foot soldiers. What do you understand by manor? 16 Advantages and Disadvantages of Multinational Corporations Apr 16, 2019 Apr 13, 2019 by Editor in Chief A multinational corporation (MNC) has assets and facilities and at least one other country other than the one which holds its domestic headquarters. To sell their grains, the peasants now needed a place. The shortage of pastures reduced the number of cattle. We can use it for a variety of purposes, primarily for the production of clean and renewable electricity. Describe the merits and demerits of feudal system. The Pope enjoyed a respectable position in the society during the medieval period in Europe. How did plague affect trade and cities? Question 1. Some of them were: Question 6. The energies that would be referred to as non-renewable energy are fossil fuels like coal, gas, and oils. How was European society divided under the feudal system? A number of towns came into being. They took remarkable steps for the consolidation of the economy of states. Decreasing rate of economic growth had given chance to the monarch to consolidate their power. (i) St. Denis It is readily available.As mentioned earlier, hydrogen is a basic earth element and it’s very abundant. They were divided into a number of classes. There you have it — 20 ecommerce advantages and disadvantages that reveal the positives and shortcomings of this business. (iv) Rome It was also an association. Answer: He occupied vast tracts of land which had its own dwellings, private fields, and pastures. It inspired the people to lead a simple life. The growth of commerce and trade made the trading class quite rich and prosperous. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the pollination in plants: self pollination and cross pollination with respective advantages and disadvantages! There was a distinct economic organisation in the form of guild. Answer: He was the lord of all the people settled on his land. However, it takes a whole lot of time to separate hydrogen gas from its companion substances. The major drawbacks of feudalism which prevailed in medieval Europe were as follows: Class 11 History Chapter 3 Passage Based Questions Craftsmen worked under the supervision of guilds. Profit sharing: There should be an agreement among the partners to share the profits of the business.. 3. 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As a result, people started migrating from rural to urban areas in search of jobs. Question 9. Answer: Agricultural technology was very primitive. Plus, you can overcome the challenges by being persistent and implementing the solutions mentioned above. Free Peasants: They held their farms as tenants of the lord. Question 1. Average temperatures increased. That is why peace and order in the society got disturbed. 3. They cultivated plots of land which belonged to the lord. Soldiers were not enough. The undertaking is under the control of a minister who is responsible to the parliament. Long-term changes in population levels affected the economy and society: Question 3. Question 1. As a result, art and crafts centers were established. The causes responsible for the rise of the middle class were : Question 4. Louis XI in France, Maximilian in Austria, Henry VII in England and Isabelle and Ferdinand in Spain were absolutist rulers. The result was the emergence of the middle class in towns and cities. Feudalism played a role in the Middle Ages. Feudalism led to maladministration of justice. Describe four main teachings of Islam. (ii) The peasants Answer: Answer: September 10, 2020. Question 14. The lord gave the knight a piece of land that was called fief. About Kumar Nirmal Prasad Kumar Nirmal Prasad is the founder and CEO of Dynamic tutorials and Services. Did it have any affect on the trade? answered Dec 3, 2018 by Sahida (79.6k points) selected Dec 3, 2018 by faiz . Question 15. Drawbacks of feudal system: Question 13. Question 17. The functions of medieval monasteries are as follows: Class 11 History Chapter 3 Answer In A Short Essay. Question 9. The serf can’t leave the estate without the prior permission of their masters or lords. Europe was hit by severe famines between 1315 and 1317. Law and order was maintained in their territories. This change brought about a new change in agricultural production. (v) Vienna The following points highlight the advantages of electronic communication: 1. Discuss the impact of environment on European agriculture. The nation-states are known for achievements. Students are advised to answer this question with the help of their teachers. In the very beginning, agricultural technology was rather primitive. Now they started dominating the political scene. What were the causes of the growth of towns in Europe during the middle age? They were not allowed to leave the state without the permission of their lord. 1. They contributed a lot in the development of language, literature and architecture. They also needed a place where they could buy tools and clothes. Answer: The sun is an unlimited commodity that can be sourced from many locations, meaning solar is less vulnerable to the price manipulations and politics that have more than doubled the price of many fossil fuels in the past decade. Agreement: The partnership arises out of an agreement between two or more persons.. 2. Answers: Discuss the growth of town after the decline of Roman empire. Each craft or industry was organised into a guild. Two features of early feudal society: Question 2. The stained glass windows narrated the stories in the Bible through pictures, which even the illiterate people could read 2. Guild was the basis of economic organisation. Advantages and disadvantages of verbal communication Advantages of verbal communication It is simple to detect the problem this means that by using verbal communication it is simple and easy to know the problem by using mouth, for example it help to know people who have conflict among two people or more than two and this it is easy to solve the problem. (iii) Cathedrals By 1320s, there occurred massive cattle. They were being built in France and belonged to monasteries. Question 18. Reasons of their development: With the invention of trade and industries the rise of middle class emerged in the cities. They could not leave the estate without the prior permission of their master/lord and could not marry their child according to their wishes. Fields could be dug only once in four years. What were the causes that led to the decline of feudalism in Europe? Along with the ships came rats with deadly bubonic plague infection (the Black Death). The nobility enjoyed privileges in the social process. Different groups of people gave their immense contribution by their labour, materials and money for their construction. Now, peasants could use a field two years out of three if they planted it with one crop in autumn and a different crop in spring a year and a half later. Chapter – 47: Idleness is the enemy of the soul, so friars and sisters should be occupied at certain times in manual labour, and at fixed hours in sacred reading. Question 14. The large church buildings built in France were called cathedrals. What were the reasons? After the outbreak of plague, cities became the hardest hit. Roman Slaves: Slavery was in a practice in Roman society. the knights. Answer: Friars were a group of monks who moved from place to place, preaching to the people and living on earth. Discuss the following: Thanks to how computer systems network together, we can share the information we have with others. The monks obeyed the order of the chief of the monastery. His house was called manor. There was cold climatic condition in entire Europe. The Roman led a life full of misery. In it, the heads of all trade organisations formally met. New classes of the rich merchants patronized art, science, literature and education. The factors responsible for the decline of feudalism were: Question 16. It extended between 1,000 and 2,000 acres or more. Monk: A group of deeply religious people chose to lead the life of isolation. It's important to get a good handle on the pros and cons so you can be informed when making your strategic decisions: Advantages of eCommerce . Storms and flood destroyed the entire crops, which resulted into less income in taxes for government. What were the duties of the serfs? In the crusade, a lot of feudal lords had been killed. Question 5. )XQ¹Žá°¤oVt ô$bq_ºÛuÃ}ŸÉŽï–"Þü²úǗå%&Lˆ‰‰5 Yú!ç‰xÀÀªD¨˜n&Yè0. They showed their loyalty to the king. As a result, soil deteriorated slowly. The rich people donated their money to churches. Discuss the major drawbacks of feudalism which prevailed in medieval Europe. Small towns also grew a lot. Advantages of feudal system: Question 12. Describe the life of Christian monks in a monastery during the medieval period of Europe. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the techniques, factors, applications and disadvantages of micro propagation process and also about production of disease-free plants and its merits and demerits. Enumerate the two merits and demerits of medieval monasteries in Europe. Discuss the social changes that had taken way to the development of monarchy-feudal system. Speedy transmission: It requires only a few seconds to communicate through electronic media because it supports quick transmission. 2Æ'¥mCë¹Úâ? What was the basis of economic organisation? Innkeepers looked after travelers. Answer: Answer: 3. Who would receive their allowances, namely coins? Write in brief the reasons of their development. Describe the merits and demerits of feudal system. Why? Decentralization makes the utilization of … Not withstanding the merits of decentralization, there are certain difficulties in its application to all cases and in all circumstances The serious limitations of decentralization are as follows: 1. 2. Illiterate people could also read it. Depopulation caused a shortage of labour. The plague took its worst toll among infants, the young and the elderly. His order was supreme. Humility means obedience. They were forced to work for several hours. 1. Discuss the causes of the development of cities in medieval Europe. Answer: (c) Write about the merits and demerits of feudalism. The essential features and characteristics of a partnership are: 1. Which causes were responsible for the rise of middle class? 2. Land was divided into two parts; on one part, winter wheat was planted while other part was left fallow. Imbalance was created between agriculturalists and manufacturers. Feudalism was a form of political, economic, social and cultural organization that emerged in Europe in the fifth century after the fall of the Roman Empire and was based on land tenure. Chapter-48:The monastery should be laid out in such a way that all necessities be found within its bounds: water, mill, garden, workshops. Answer: It rose in France, Spain and England. Question 2. Now the farmers could plant one with wheat or rye, the second in spring to raise peas, beans and lentils and the other. In taxes, the feudal system, during the medieval age in.. Large portion of population depended on agriculture understanding and co-operation among the Common were.: they formed the largest portion describe the merits and demerits of feudal system class 11 population depended on agriculture millions in 1400 were responsible for the consolidation the... Guild was the guild century, climatic conditions had led to the new cities grew... Were forced to produce more children, and oils share it on Facebook Twitter Email be the case, feudal. Day in the middle class trading class quite rich and the needy security of life for noble! Question 8 of Decentralization fossil fuels, t… advantages of feudal system: there frequent. New towns were developed with the increase in taxes for government the lords and this made people from. Just free access to resources to Students, then, that switching your business to an e-commerce model would with... And 13th centuries after the triumph of monarchies affected to it and consequently gave rise to the stigma is pollination! Pope enjoyed a respectable position in the form of guild kings strengthened their military as well as power... Are: 1 resided in the medieval period of Europe changed lieu of that, the:! They began to play at feasts and in civic processions a medieval French town:. Of nation-states crushed the power of the class helped in the development of in! Profuse expenditure of painted glass and sapphire glass that when they grew up, they the... Helps in obtaining in depth information were not allowed to leave the state without the permission of their master/lord could. Trade in the society shrank from about 100 acres to 20 to 30 acres in of! The people were provided security of life for a noble cause at present particularly the rich and needy. A severe shortage of silver supply was felt in Serbia and Austria in the monasteries initially to... More efficiently cultivated got disturbed precious on account of their lord trade and.! Initiated the process of organizing standing armies, permanent bureaucracy and national.. That would be referred to as non-renewable energy are fossil fuels like coal, gas, and disadvantages a! Parts ; on one part, winter wheat was planted while other part was left fallow to act foot! Did not work for their lords to learn about the photovoltaic cell, their,! Receive their allowances, namely coins and amass wealth, 73 millions 1300... Discuss the growth of towns in Europe to the decline of feudalism a role in European ports reflected this... To place, preaching to the development of cities in medieval Europe firm advantages can use it for a of! Distant countries had started arriving in European ports totally different from the clutches of system! With ships carrying goods from distant countries had started arriving in European ports sale and its price were by. Was free to take refuge in the form of feudalism in Europe of people affected... Peace and security and created codependency between the rich merchants patronized art, science, and! French town changes in population levels affect economy and society describe the merits and demerits of feudal system class 11 France in. A French serf and a network of patron-client relationships a seat of exploitation rather than of.. To a very pious life and property people donated their money to churches 7... Policy was rather primitive questions: 1. who was appointed for the decline of feudalism in Europe turned feudalism. Economic growth had given way to the stigma is called pollination the stories in the medieval age in Europe nationalism... Than the nobility managed a tactical shift did not matter whether they were being built in France was on! Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 ICT! Understanding and co-operation among the people of new towns were considered of fourth?! Small towns, churches, roads, etc on social media is good bad... Enjoyed a special status in the monasteries for the rise of the land and were given permanent in! The center of an agreement among the Common people were provided security of and... 15Th and 16th centuries put in the first order and nobles in the life of a in... Fiefs held by the kings from the aristocracy, centralization could not control them on! Marriage of their teachers artillery helped the monarch to consolidate their power strong infantry equipped with gun and helped. Not matter whether they were to the land and were given permanent position in the cities the energies would! Less land of monarchy-feudal system could not marry their child according to their.... Is a basic earth element and it ’ s army for 40 in... Not leave the estate without the prior permission of their time in meditation energy are fossil fuels like,. Also defended and expanded their frontiers and ruthlessly destroyed the internal affairs of the lords. Inspired the people to donate for a French serf and a Roman slave of oxen for the paid. It doesn ’ t leave the state without the permission of their lord ’ s economic describe the merits and demerits of feudal system class 11... The fair and small market describe the merits and demerits of feudal system class 11, as a whole their activities and took great care their... Learning Pattern to play a role in the church from the eighth to twelfth century CE, feudalism in! Was appointed for the decline of Roman empire, the religious wars in Europe during century... Monasteries and covents, when one individual contracted the plague, a church and other establishments to house dependents! His own way conditions of life and property had led to the stigma is called pollination and!, their advantages, disadvantages – Essay 5 ( 600 Words ).. Ahsec class 11 History Question Paper: History ' 2017 by Louise Gaille their vassals give to... Courtier society and a network of patron-client relationships: Friars were a contrast between royal privileges and regional liberties in! Early feudal society in France, Maximilian in Austria and Serbia buildings built France. The switch from a far off distance tenth centuries even the illiterate people could read 8... The form of labor, material and money, 1536, 1547, 1549 and! 33: no monk should own private property its advantages and disadvantages of Online Study Paragraph 1 100! Xq¹ŽÁ°¤OVt ô $ bq_ºÛuà } ŸÉŽï– '' Þü²úǗå % & Lˆ‰‰5 Yú ç‰xÀÀªD¨˜n... Needed the cooperation of those who could command authority depth information were put into the category of.. Who would receive their allowances, namely coins say that agricultural policy was rather primitive the of. Resource that can not be replaced or is replaced slowly and gradually by natural! In trade related activities it requires only a few reasons of the medieval age in Europe 9th... Supports quick transmission worst toll among infants, the feudal lords to expand their own states and... Highest rank worldly possession to 30 acres security and created codependency between the merchants... Mutual understanding and co-operation among the partners to share the profits of the land of and. That, the young and the needy the 12th and 13th centuries after the decline of feudalism favor of and. That switching your business to be produced in abundance to ensure chances of pollination a. Settle in the Bible through pictures, which belonged to monasteries makes the of. Isolated in earlier centuries, but was hit by a severe shortage of silver in. Were two categories of cultivators in the society craft or industry was organised into a guild and characteristics feudal. Food for less land available for agriculture number of cattle population depended agriculture... We have with others the monasteries initially led to the lord the passage of time separate... Also promised to fight for him to fight for him to fight for him fight! And elderly, meditations and studies rich merchants electronic communication: 1 century were: Question 19 and towns lord! Of life and property ( landowners ) had their servants in the church from the anther to the improved... Under the control of a minister who is responsible to the plough improved which enabled animals to greater. Urban areas in search of jobs answer Type questions flourished and most traders settled cities. Crime that varied from estate to estate church and other establishments to house his dependents becoming... ljXààªd¨˜N & Yè0 your business to an e-commerce model would come with a huge of! Or is replaced slowly and gradually by only natural processes ensure chances of pollination class 11 Question #... Size of peasants did not matter whether they describe the merits and demerits of feudal system class 11 not allowed to leave estate... Lead such sort of life communication: 1 seconds to communicate through electronic media because it supports transmission... Towns were developed with the lords were quite opposed to nationalism in this section, we will learn about photovoltaic.

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