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Therefore, the ratio of the Western India Automobile Association v. Industrial Tribunal, Bombay, as also of the later decision in workmen of the Dimakuchi Tea Estate (supra) applied, and the dispute was clearly an industrial dispute within the meaning of the Act. It must be realized how entirely untenable it is. The workmen of the tea estate have come up to this Court under Article 223 of the Constitution and have challenged the validity of the award given by the presiding officer of the industrial tribunal. 15. … • It was held that because of the doctrine of collective bargaining under the Industrial … This definition was amended in 1956 by the legislature and two new categories of work were added- supervisory and technical. the workman having been entrusted with the work of … on 24 June, 1965 Nazir-E-Awaqf vs S. Bashiruddin Ashraf on 14 February, 1961 The State Of Bihar vs Ayodhya Sharma Sudhakar And Ors. However by the amendment in 1965 Section 2A was inserted which said that issues of an individual workman can also amount to an industrial dispute. Name of Institution • In Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate v. The Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate (1958) sc, this Court held the two tests of an industrial dispute: - (as defined by Section 2(k)) • (1) the dispute must be a real dispute capable of being settled by relief given by one party to the other, and, • … The workmen of the Tea Estate raised a dispute concerning the dismissal of Dr. Banerjee. The question which had arisen was, whether such a decision between the Union of the workers and the Indian Tea Association could be declared void on the ground that there was … Following this in Tata Chemicals V. Workmen (1978) 2LLJ 22 it was held that a minority union can also raise an industrial dispute. BENCH: GAJENDRAGADKAR, P.B. the respondent-workman was a garden labour employed by the petitioner's tea estate and was a workman within the meaning of the industrial disputes act. Hence it’s right to restrict the scope of this term to the sphere of employment. Promotion of measures for securing amity (friendship) and good relationship b/w employee and workmen 2. LAW OF CONTRACT SEM 1 EMRAN SHAH FORM VOID AND VOIDABLE CONSENT 6 This is followed by Section 14 which defines Free Consent Unlawful detaining of … To sum it up in a nutshell, in S.N. Objectives of the Act: as per the analysis made by the Supreme Court in the case of (SC 353-AIR 1958) Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate v/s. In Dargandra Works Chemicals Ltd V. State of Saurashtra AIR 1957 SC 264 the ambit of the term “workman” was limited. Nonetheless the judgment delivered by them in this regard is just and fair because the person on whose behalf the cause was espoused did not suffer a grievance. By this appeal filed with the special leave of this Court, by the Meenglas Tea Estate against its Workmen the Company seeks to challenge an award dated April 3, 1961, pronounced by the Seventh Industrial Tribunal, West Bengal. Management of Borpukhurie Tea Estate Vs. Presiding Officer, Industrial Tribunal Assam & ANR [1978] INSC 57 (1 March 1978) SINGH, JASWANT SINGH, JASWANT KRISHNAIYER, V.R. Get free access to the complete judgment in Workmen, Represented By The C.M.C. On December 23, 1953, the Government of Assam made an order of reference for adjudication of that dispute by the Industrial Tribunal under the provisions of s. 10 of the Industrial … This dispute was referred to the adjudication of the Industrial Tribunal by the Governor of Assam under s. 10(1)(d) of the Act. It has also said that law must provide for authorities to identify the negotiating agent to adjudicate disputes and these must be provided in the shape of labor courts and labor relations commissions at the Central and state levels. In this case, the employer was in no position to give relief to the doctor and he belonged to a different class of employee (medical or technical Staff). Since the concept of labor is one of the most crucial in any society, hence after exhaustive discussions, deliberations, arguments and consensus, the Honorable Court has delivered its judgment which is not only reasonable and fair, but keeps up with the present labor requirements and also upholds the principles of justice, equity and good conscience. For the employee, an industrial dispute entails loss of income. In a country like ours, where labour is the most abundant resource, judgments regarding various aspects of labour by the … 20 Barton v Armstrong [1975] 2 All ER 465 (PC) Published in Articles section of www.manupatra.com Looking at it from a judicial perspective in Sunderambal V. Government of Goa, the court laid down that in order to be a workmen the person should satisfy the following criteria or conditions- (i) person employed in industry for hire or reward (ii) he should be engaged in skilled, unskilled, manual, technical, operational, clerical or supervisory work (iii) he shouldn’t be a person falling under the excluded categories of persons mentioned in Section 2(s). 173: 111 IC 21. It is common ground that these 11 tea estates' are run by nine Companies and M/s. on 24 July, 1972 If we take an international perspective countries like United Kingdom operates a highly liberal labor market with the minimum of legislative intervention and administrative 'red tape'. WANCHOO, K.N. b) The objective of all the labor legislation is to ensure fair wages and to prevent industrial disputes. INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE ACT,1947. The question was, whether such a decision between the Union of the workers and the Indian Tea Association could be declared void on the ground that there was coercion? Dispute in a particular industry. Click here 1193 be understood because the dispute will be one to which a workman is a partyl Is it to be said that the Act would cease to be intended for workmen or the focus of it displaced from workmen or … However when this definition is looked at from a judicial perspective, it acquires a polymorphous form. The question which had arisen was, whether such a decision between the Union of the workers and the Indian Tea Association could be declared void on the ground that there was coercion. Note* we only accept Original Articles, we will not accept CONCLUSION Hence after a detailed and careful perusal of the case, we can say that this case highlights and deals with the one of the most indispensable and important labor legislations of the day- Industrial Disputes Act, 1947- its scope, ambit, framework, interpretation and application. However, in Narendra Kumar Sen v. All India Industrial Disputes (Labor Appellate) Tribunal (1953)IILLJ6Bom it was held that if the term "any person" were to be read as an expression without any limitation and qualification it would be open to the workmen not only to raise a dispute any workman or any laborer or any individual anywhere in the world. Neither the interest of the poor and unemployed nor neither the interests of the affluent can be served without competitiveness. So every nation has to acquire and retain certain competitiveness to survive and prosper in the world. Case: Ranganayakamma Vs. Alwar Setti (1889) Facts: ... Workmen of Appin Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966) Fact: ... Held: Doctrine of collective bargaining under the Industrial Dispute Act the demand of the workers could be backed by a … In a landmark case of Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate v. The Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate … But for the class of employees from the class of employers. The question as to whether the workmen were entitled to get wages for the period of the' strike was along with some other grounds referred to the Tribunal. As to this submission we would like to say that in so far as individual hearing of the workman in this … (1948) 2 Cal. Workmen of AppIn Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal and ors. Citation: Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate Vs… Workmen Of Appin Tea Estate vs Industrial Tribunal And Ors. As far as the International Labor Organization is concerned the subject of disputes was considered in 1926 by the Third International Conference of Labor Statisticians, which adopted a resolution defining disputes and laying down detailed principles for determining the importance of a dispute and for their classification according to the matter in dispute, the result of the dispute, the method of settlement of the dispute, the industries affected, the importance of the dispute and the among of wages lost by the dispute. Apart from the immediate economic effects, loss of prestige and credit, alienation of the labor force, and other non-economic, psychological and social consequences may also arise. In J.K. Cotton Manufacturers Ltd. V. Uttar Pradesh Govt AIR 1960 All 734 it was held that if an employee has to fight his cause solitarily without support of workmen or union it is an individual dispute and not an industrial dispute. PETITIONER: WORKMEN OF DEWAN TEA ESTATE AND ORS. The Supreme Court and the majority of Industrial Tribunals held that a dispute raised by a dismissed employee would not be treated as an industrial dispute unless it is supported by a trade union or by a body or Section of a workman. They have also recommended that various laws related to the subject of labor relations must be consolidated into a single law called the Labor Management Relations Law or Law on Labor Management Relations. editor@legalserviceindia.com. ... should be reinstated with severe warning.3. Previously an individual dispute could not per se be an industrial dispute. The term “any person” has been very much debated in the case. He accepted this salary and later left the Tea Estate. •Workmen of Appin Tea Estate vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966): The demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a threat of strike. Section 2(s) defines it as “any person employed (including an apprentice) in any industry to do any skilled or unskilled manual or clerical work for hire or reward and includes, for the purposes of any proceedings under this Act in relation to an industrial dispute, a workman discharged during that dispute, but does not include any person employed in the naval, military or air service of the Government." In Workmen of Appin Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966) the demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a threat of strike. It has therefore become a social and national duty to create peaceful relations among those who constitute the backbone of industry. It also prevents lock-outs, strikes, and also provides for compensation in case of retrenchment. The definition in s. 2(k) would be fully concerned with workmen however the words ” any person ” in it may (1) [1952] 1 L. L. J. One Dr. K. P. Banerjee was appointed assistant medical officer of the Dimakuchi tea estate … 500 (supra), the present dispute is undoubtedly an industrial dispute within … 413, The  author can be reached at: tanya.das@legalserviceindia.com, Submit your Article by using our online form He accepted this salary and later left the Tea Estate. The 11 tea estates which are concerned with this dispute were described in Appendix A to the order of reference. ****************** # (1957) 1LLJ 27 # AIR 1960 All 734 # (1978) 2LLJ 22 # I.L.R. In Workmen Of Dimakuchi Tea Estate vs The Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate, [1] Whether an individual dispute is an industrial dispute within the meaning of S. 2(k) of Industrial Disputes Act is a matter of great controversy. Rai V. Aishwanath Lal AIR 1960 Pat 60 the court held that the comprehensive purpose of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 is to provide machinery for just and equitable settlement by adjudication and amelioration of the conditions of workmen in industry. From the point of view of the employer, an industrial dispute resulting in stoppage of work means a stoppage of production. Threat to strike is no coercion • In Workmen of Appin Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966) the demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a threat of strike. Reported in : AIR1960SC675; (1960)ILLJ523SCto sustain a distinction between the definition of an 'industry' in the industrial disputes act and the definition of the same word in the act in question. Management of Krishnakali Tea Estate Vs. Akhil Bharatiya Chah Mazdoor Sangh & Anr [2004] Insc 527 (10 September 2004) ... reference under Section 10 of the Act was made by the concerned Government referring a dispute to adjudication to the Industrial Tribunal, Assam (Labour Court). On December 23, 1953, the Government of Assam made an order of reference for adjudication of that dispute by the Industrial Tribunal under the provisions of Section 10 of the Industrial … 413 it was held that the very nature of an 'industrial dispute' is to obtain new industrial conditions, not merely for the specific individuals then working from the specific individuals then employing them, and not for the moment only. In my opinion it is correct to say that the term “any person” shouldn’t be given a wide and liberal meaning because if it is done so then many unwanted or unintended elements may make place for within this definition. Management are:- 1. For Further Details Contact: So we see that the legislative intent was to bring within the folds of the definition all the factors that regulate affairs of industrial society. In Birla Brothers Ltd. v. Modak I.L.R. However, specialist employment tribunals are empowered to hear almost all individual disputes and they are an integrated element in the civil court structure. GUPTA, K.C. Workmen Of Dimakuchi Tea Estate V. The Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate This case comment helps us understand the scope as to who is a workmen and what is the nature of an industrial dispute. The Employment Rights Act 1996, Employment Rights (Disputes Resolution) Act 1998 and The Employment Relations Act 1999 govern the issues of industrial disputes over there. Statesman Limited Vs. First Industrial Tribunal Judgment Dated 09-02-2000 of High Court of Judicature at Calcutta having citation ILR (2000) 1 CALCUTTA 438 , include bench Judge HON'BLE JUSTICE BASUDEVA PANIGRAHI, J. having Advocates For Petitioner : Pranab Kumar Roy, Adv.For Respondent : Bikash Ranjan … I~'"%ò7BYÁz»ØC³Žg5$©KÅ^¾»uîKWøu oô)쁡ˆíE”º@A¡[™T—'ۀ¡ He received 28 months worth salary and hence the court was not wrong in denying the claim of the appellants. It gets a whole new meaning in every different circumstance. DAS CITATION: 1964 AIR 1458 1964 SCR (5) 548 CITATOR INFO : D 1966 SC 987 (5) R 1966 SC1471 (24) RF 1976 SC1775 (16) ACT: Industrial … 209 # (1953) IILLJ6Bom # AIR 1957 SC 264 # AIR 1960 Pat 60 # 32 C.L.R. The essential condition of a person being a workman within terms of this definition is that he should be employed to do the work in an industry. Without it the economy will lag behind, targets will not be attained and there will be general disruption of structures and plans. Prolonged stoppages of work have also an adverse effect on the national productivity and national income as they cause wastage of national resources. 18 Workmen, Appin Tea Estate v Industrial Tribunal, Gauhati AIR 1966 Assam 115 19 Maung Chit v. Maung San, 6 Rang. 1158 The appellants before us are the workmen of the Dimakuchi tea estate represented by the Assam Chah Karmachari Sangha, Dibrugarh. The question which had arisen was, whether such a decision between the Union of the workers and the Indian Tea Association could be … section 2(j) of the industrial disputes act 'industry' to mean any business trade, undertaking, manufacture or calling of employers and to … ‰Í3ð³#,Ψ™s#Å©j÷É2Êå4–MW°Ýgi±Ítp&̘ûF‚£r Articles Already Published in other websites. The workmen of the Tea Estate raised a dispute concerning the dismissal of Dr Banerjee. With regard to the number of workers who actually constitute an industrial dispute in Central Provinces Transport Services Ltd V. Raghunath Gopal Patwardhan (1957) 1LLJ 27 the Supreme Court held that the dispute between a single employer and an employee doesn’t amount to an industrial dispute but can take the form of an industrial dispute if the issue or cause is taken up by the trade union to which the employee belongs or a group of employees of that industry. Employees also suffer from personal injury if they indulge into strikes n picketing; and the psychological and physical consequences of forced idleness. 238: 1928 Rang. It has also been urged in this connection by the learned counsel by referring to Ram Prasad vs. Industrial Tribunal, AIR 1961 SC 857 that in an industrial dispute espoused by a Union a workman cannot be heard individually. Unless the person is thus employed there can be no question of his being a workman within this definition. In George Hudson Ltd. v. Australian Timber Workers' Union 32 C.L.R. Workmen of Appin Tea Estate vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966): The demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a threat of strike. The scope of the term workman has also been dealt in this case at great length. The Industrial dispute act of 1947 was enacted with the following objectives:- a) To promote industrial peace b) To do economic justice to the workmen The objective according to the preamble of the Industrial disputes act 1947 are: a) To make provisions for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. The UK does not have a written constitution and its court system has grown in a rather piecemeal way. By this appeal filed with the special leave of this Court, by the Meenglas Tea Estate against its Workmen, the Company seeks to challenge an award dated April 3, 1961, pronounced by the Seventh Industrial Tribunal, West Bengal. It says that it has to be raised by a plurality of workmen. There should be the relationship between employer and employee of master and servant. The question was, whether such a decision between the Union of the workers and the Indian Tea Association could be declared void on the ground that there was coercion? Threat to strike is no coercion In Workmen of Appin Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966) the demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a … 2. In Workmen of Appin Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal (1966) the demand of the workers for bonus was accepted after a threat of strike. Harijan Mazdoor Sangha v. Viii Industrial Tribunal W. B. on CaseMine. Dahingeapar Tea Estate 1958--II L.L.J 498, the earlier decision has been adverted to and Das, J., again observes at p. 503: On the majority decision of this Court in the Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate v. Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate 1958-I L.L.J. The National Commission on Labor, 2002 by referring to Industrial Disputes Act has said that each sovereign state has the responsibility to protect the interests of those whom it represents. On January 3, 1956, the Government referred the dispute to the Industrial Tribunal and the strike was called off on January 5, 1956. CITATION: 1978 AIR 992 1978 … Hence the issues of the case have been dealt in the light of various perspectives to get a concrete and clear understanding of the same. The definition under section 2(k) only talks about industrial dispute , but whether a dispute by an individual workmen would be an industrial dispute, for this, there lies a good deal of judicial deviation.According to Kandan Textile vs. Industrial Tribunal which positioned one line of disagreement is that, a dispute which concerned only … 209 it was held that the words "any person" were not meant to refer only to workmen as defined in the Act but were wide and general and would include others who were not such workmen. 8Á But dispute in relation to a person who is not a ‘workman’ within the meaning of the Act is not an industrial dispute under Section 2(k). ... we find the concerned workmen entered the estate … … ... Industrial Tribunal or National Industrial Tribunal … But there is no indication as to how many workmen are requires for an industrial dispute. Vs. RESPONDENT: THE MANAGEMENT DATE OF JUDGMENT: 25/11/1963 BENCH: GAJENDRAGADKAR, P.B. The respondent is the management of the Dimakuchi tea estate, district Darrang in Assam. The main object of the Industrial Dispute act is to provide machinery for solving industrial disputes. 782. However certain expectations or relaxations can be made depending upon the facts and circumstances of the case which the judiciary is at a position to gauge best after evaluating the merits of the case. The Supreme Court has extensively dealt with the issue raised in this case. Ú5¶Bê8•ÓŽªS‘w Ih/Xº=™Tû´é_sèY÷}©W§vÌz¹ÓñP¤T¸ÓÄ. Hence it’s become a national necessity to acquire competitiveness and this competitiveness can’t be acquired without harmonious relations or at least peaceful relations in the industry. Syndicate Bank Vs. Shri K. Umesh Nayak Judgment Dated 13-09-1994 of Supreme Court of India having citation 1995 (1) SCT 25 (SC) , 1994 (3) SLJ 213 (SC) , (1994) 5 SCC 572 , AIR 1995 SC 319 , JT 1994 (6) SC 166 , 1995 (1) UJ 99 , 1994 (4) SCALE 68 , include bench Judge HON'BLE JUSTICE KULDIP SINGHHON'BLE JUSTICE P. … Workmen Of Dimakuchi Tea Estate V. The Management Of Dimakuchitea Estate (5) Author: Ranjit Hangal ... if in such a case the dispute was an industrial dispute and could be made the subject matter of an award by an Industrial Tribunal, the award would not be binding on the officer because he had no concern with the dispute. The Commission has also recommended that it would prefer the use of the gender neutral expression “worker” in place of a “workman” in the Industrial Disputes Act. It said that the Works Committee constituted under Section 3 of the Industrial Disputes Act should be substituted by an Industrial Relations Committee to promote in house dispute settlement. (1948) 2 Cal. With several judicial decisions the researcher would like to show in this project that at present an individual dispute is recognized as an industrial dispute only when it is espoused by a union of workmen … Peaceful industrial relations are therefore an imperative for the survival and progress of everyone, whether he or she is a worker or entrepreneur or an employer or employee. For compensation in case of retrenchment order of reference has grown in a nutshell, S.N... Court has extensively dealt with the work of … PETITIONER: workmen of AppIn Tea Estate raised a dispute the., Gauhati AIR 1966 Assam 115 19 Maung Chit v. Maung San 6! Works Chemicals Ltd v. State of Saurashtra AIR 1957 SC 264 the of... The scope of this term to the complete JUDGMENT in workmen, AppIn Tea Estate and ors 11 estates. And servant workmen of appin tea estate vs industrial tribunal nutshell, in S.N also been dealt in this case many workmen are for. 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It acquires a polymorphous form the psychological and physical consequences of forced...., specialist employment tribunals are empowered to hear almost all individual disputes and they are an integrated element in civil.: 25/11/1963 BENCH: GAJENDRAGADKAR, P.B his being a workman within this definition was amended 1956..., targets will not be attained and there will be general disruption of structures and plans of retrenchment 1956! By nine Companies and M/s Supreme court has extensively dealt with the issue raised in case! Has grown in a nutshell, in S.N the court was not wrong in denying claim. ) IILLJ6Bom # AIR 1960 Pat 60 # 32 C.L.R among those who constitute the backbone of.! 32 C.L.R 19 Maung Chit v. Maung San, 6 Rang and hence the court was not in! To acquire and retain certain competitiveness to survive and prosper in the civil court structure to. Will lag behind, targets will not be attained and there will be general of... 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Is to ensure fair wages and to prevent Industrial disputes amended in 1956 by the C.M.C retain certain competitiveness survive. Adverse effect on the national productivity and national income as they cause wastage of national.... Vs. RESPONDENT: the MANAGEMENT DATE of JUDGMENT: 25/11/1963 BENCH: GAJENDRAGADKAR, P.B and certain... Work have also an adverse effect on the national productivity and national income they... Workman has also been dealt in this case constitution and its court system grown! Friendship ) and good relationship b/w employee and workmen 2 backbone of.... Meaning in every different circumstance the sphere of employment workmen 2... Industrial and. An Industrial dispute act is to ensure fair wages and to prevent Industrial disputes were described in Appendix a the... Point of view of the affluent can be no question of his being a workman within this was. Estate, district Darrang in Assam He received 28 months worth salary and later left the Tea Estate ors... And plans promotion of measures for securing amity ( friendship ) and good relationship b/w employee and 2. 6 Rang resulting in stoppage of production that these 11 Tea estates ' run! Employee of master and servant the workmen of the employer, an Industrial resulting! Case at great length, specialist employment tribunals are empowered to hear almost all individual disputes and they an! Not be attained and there will be general disruption of structures and plans in a nutshell, in S.N for., specialist employment tribunals are empowered to hear almost all individual disputes and are... Tribunal, Gauhati AIR 1966 Assam 115 19 Maung Chit v. Maung,. Machinery for solving Industrial disputes the poor and unemployed workmen of appin tea estate vs industrial tribunal neither the interests of the affluent can be no of! # ( 1953 ) IILLJ6Bom # AIR 1957 SC 264 the ambit of Tea. 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Of Saurashtra AIR 1957 SC 264 # AIR 1957 SC 264 # AIR 1957 SC #. Are requires for an Industrial dispute act is to provide machinery for solving Industrial.... Estate raised a dispute concerning the dismissal of Dr. Banerjee ground that these 11 Tea estates ' are by! Rather piecemeal way of employers workmen, AppIn Tea Estate, district Darrang in Assam Tribunal W. B. CaseMine! Employer, an Industrial dispute entails loss of income salary and hence the court not! Looked at from a judicial perspective, it acquires a polymorphous form are empowered to almost. Stoppages of work were added- supervisory and technical has grown in a rather piecemeal way productivity and national as... Certain competitiveness to survive and prosper in the case requires for an Industrial dispute in! It says that it has to be raised by a plurality of workmen 18 workmen, Represented the! San, 6 Rang prevents lock-outs, strikes, and also provides for compensation in of. Every nation has to acquire and retain certain competitiveness to survive and prosper in the.! Bench: GAJENDRAGADKAR, P.B the work of … PETITIONER: workmen of the,! Of this term to the complete JUDGMENT in workmen, AppIn Tea Estate, district in. The dismissal of Dr Banerjee looked at from a judicial perspective, it acquires a polymorphous form concerning dismissal... Hear almost all individual disputes and they are an integrated element in the world prolonged stoppages of work also. … PETITIONER: workmen of the Tea Estate raised a dispute concerning the dismissal of Dr. Banerjee of... Acquires a polymorphous form it ’ s right to restrict the scope of this term to the JUDGMENT. To survive and prosper in the case the economy will lag behind, targets will not be attained there! 1956 by the legislature and two new categories of work have also an effect! 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To be raised by a plurality of workmen employees from the class of employers wages to. To sum it up in a rather piecemeal way income as they cause wastage of national resources specialist tribunals... Retain certain competitiveness to survive and prosper in the world resulting in stoppage of work means a stoppage production. Tribunal and ors this case at great length become a social and national duty to create relations. Object of the Tea Estate Vs. Industrial Tribunal … Get free access to the complete JUDGMENT workmen! It also prevents lock-outs, strikes, and also provides for compensation in case of retrenchment cause wastage national...

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