The fungus Rhizoctonia solani was found causing root rot, particularly under wet conditions in plants damaged by trampling.  The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Blades, which alternate, are up to 10.0 cm l… Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. This plant should be used with caution, see the notes above on toxicity. The leaves of the horsenettle plant contain prickly fibers making it undesirable to many animals, but ingestion does happen occasionally. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. They become yellow when mature, but are not edible to humans. In spite of the edible cousins, do not eat any part of this plant; as with most nightshades it is highly poisonous. The deep root also makes it difficult to remove. The beetle Leptinotarsa juncta specializes on this plant, and the beetle Epitrix fuscula (eggplant flea beetle) eats it as well. At least thirty-two insects, as well as the meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus, have been recorded feeding on this species in Virginia alone.  These two beetles are its two primary herbivores, and can reduce fruit production by as much as 75% relative to plants protected from all insects. The plant is also affected by Erysiphe cichoracearum, causing powdery mildew. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Examples of nightshade plants include tomatoes, potatoes, bell peppers, jimsonweed and the poisonous belladonna nightshade. , Fruits are eaten by a variety of native animals, including ring-necked pheasant, bobwhite, wild turkey, and striped skunk. Horse Nettle is widely regarded as a weed, with some justication, but it is also one of the native wildflowers of the prairie. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. They are most vigorous and most likely to become weedy or dominate on disturbed sites, but can also be found in less disturbed habitats.. However, it is not considered an edible plant like its potato and tomato counterparts. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. This native of southeastern North Amer-ica is found throughout Tennessee; it … Contact us to report errors. One reason the Iowa noxious weed list hasn’t been brought up for reform and updating, as many professionals know it should be, is because of fear that the Legislature could easily make the list worse instead of better. Perennial herb with prickles; leaves alternate and simple, lobed or coarsely toothed; flower white to purplish, 5-parted; fruit a yellow berry. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Both surfaces are covered with fine hairs. Stems of older plants are woody. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. The fruit is poisonous to livestock. Carolina horsenettle is considered a noxious weed in several US states. The caterpillars of the day-flying moth Synanthedon rileyana (Riley's Clearwing) feed on Horse Nettle. A Loja de Saúde do Prado, está sediada na Vila de Prado e tem uma Filial em Vila Verde, que oferece uma gama completa de produtos para todos os tipos de situações ortopédicas, anca, coluna, joelho, tornozelo, mão, cotovelo, ombro, punho e pé. Leaves smell like potatoes when crushed. Nightshades are a worldwide family that contains many plants with highly toxic fruits; in fact, the Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) is one of the few nightshades that is edible. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. Search Our Database: Enter any portion of the Scientific, Common Name, or both. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. Horses tend to avoid the plant because it is distasteful, and they are unlikely to eat enough to cause serious problems unless the weed is rampant in their pasture or they have no other suitable forage. Younger Carolina Bristle Mallow leaves are more deeply cleft/lobed than mature leaves. It is propagated by underground creeping rhizomes as well as by seed dispersal, often involving animals as vectors. Notice the spines on the stem. Phonetic Spelling so-LAN-num kair-oh-lin-EN-say This plant has medium severity poison characteristics. PO Box 63, Seneca, SC 29679; 864.606.4673; email@example.com Carolina nightshade (Solanum carolinense), also known as horsenettle, is a perennial weed that is a member of the nightshade (Solanaceae) family.It is a common contaminate of horse pastures and poor quality hay bales in the southeastern United States. I second Tyler's call to use the latin, and be sure of the id. If indeed your "nettle" is U. dioica, then yes it is most certainly an edible. While ingesting any part of the plant can cause fever, headache, scratchy throat, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, ingesting the fruit can cause abdominal pain, circulatory and respiratory depression, or even death.
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